The case of the missing rdf:Description
RDF is a framework for describing resources. We know that. We also know (from various sources, such as the RDF Model and Syntax Specification, or Pierre-Antoine Champin’s RDF Tutorial (recommended!)) that an RDF document consists of a number of descriptions, and these descriptions look like this:
<rdf:RDF ... > <rdf:Description ... > ... </rdf:Description> <rdf:Description ... > ... </rdf:Description> ... </rdf:RDF>
How come then, that instances of two of the more well-known RDF applications, RSS and FOAF, don’t seem to reflect this format? Following the root rdf:RDF node and the declarations of the namespaces, we have, respectively:
<channel rdf:about="//qmacro.org/about"> <title>DJ's Weblog</title> ... </channel>
<foaf:Person rdf:ID="qmacro"> <foaf:mbox rdf:resource="mailto:email@example.com"/> ... </foaf:Person>
What, no rdf:Description? Let’s have a look at what’s happening here. In the RSS example, we have channel – or in its fully qualified form http://purl.org/rss/1.0/channel – a class, of which //qmacro.org/about is declared as an instance with the rdf:about attribute.
The RDF subject-predicate-object triple looks like this:
//qmacro.org/about rdf:type http://purl.org/rss/1.0/channel
or in other words “the URI (which is about to be described) is a channel”.
Because RDF is about is declaring and describing resources, it becomes clear that this sort of statement (technically the rdf:type triple, above) is very common. And what we saw in the RSS snippet above was the special RDF/XML construction that may be used to express such statements. If we didn’t have this special construction, we’d have to write:
<rdf:Description rdf:about="//qmacro.org/about"> <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://purl.org/rss/1.0/channel" /> <title>DJ's Weblog</title> ... </rdf:Description>
which is a tad long winded. Similarly, the long winded equivalent for the FOAF example would look like this:
<rdf:Description rdf:ID="qmacro"> <rdf:type rdf:resource="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Person" /> <foaf:mbox rdf:resource="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org"/> ... </rdf:Description>
So there you have it. The rdf:Description isn’t there because a special construction is being used in both examples. Many thanks to Jon Hanna for turning the light bulb on in the first place.